KORDEGARDA -is a name of the Kennel which for those even loosly
connected with the Polski Owczarek
with the post WW II history of the breed. The recreation and
stabilization of the PON breed is undeniably acredited to Dr. Danuta
Hryniewicz. This is how she remembers the beginning....
"Even before WW II, during my vacation trips across Poland I
encountered, numerous times, dogs that would later gain the name of
Polski Owczarek Nizinny. They were used to herd sheep and were highly
valued by herders...."
"HOWEVER, YOU HAD TO WAIT FOR YOUR OWN KENNEL...."
"Yes. I started working as a veterinarian in Wladyslawowo in 1945.
We were examining horses that survived the war in the surrounding farms.
On one of the farms, near Lembork (I do not recall the name), I met an
old Kaszub herder, who had a couple of sheep dogs appearing as I
remembered them from pre-War time. The dogs, called Kurta
and Laska, were then already old but I asked the owner to let me
know if I could get puppy from them. In the end I took the pregnant
bitch to my home and she gave birth to only one puppy, SMOK."
"THAT IS HOW THE KORDEGARDA PONS BEGAN..."
"Not quite....I did not have any plans initially and I sent Smok to
the farm where he herded sheep very well."
"WHY THEN THE RETURN OF THE INTEREST...."
"Later on, in the March' 50 issue of the magazine PIES I came
across an advertisement calling for the restoration of the breed with a
short description and a picture of a dog from the pre-War kennel. I also
learned that there was a breeder of these dogs in Bydgoszcz. So in
1955 I got two puppies from p. Kusinowicz - DIUNA
and DUKAT z Babia Wies. I got Smok back at the same time."
Diuna & Dukat z Babiej Wsi
"DID THOSE DOGS FORM KORDEGARDA ?"
"No, not entirely. Great imput had come from a completely different,
white, and tailess bitch WIGA, who I got
with the help of Prof. Dyakowska from Krakow. Wiga was born in 1954 and
was very much like the pre-war dogs from Milanow. I had a lot of trouble
with her bacause she would fight with the other dogs....Finally I had to
give her away."
"WHAT HAPPENED NEXT ?"
"Now we have to refer to my notes....I have a record of all litters
born in Kordegarda....In 1956 I had three litters of PONs. Two from Smok
and Diuna (at the beginning, and at the end of the year) and one from
Smok and Wiga. From Diuna's litters I kept KUMA,
NERPA and later on their redeemed sisister NIWA.
From Wiga I kept WIGA WARA. Wiga Wara's
inbreed to her father produced white and black dog RE-MIS,
who later became famous.
Kuma z Kordegaedy
Nerpa z Kordegardy
"THANKS TO THE RADIO..."
"Right. It was Warsaw's idea to introduce a PON named AGRESOR to
the Matysiak Family (a popular radio talk-show in 60- 70's). Re-Mis
was shown during a Dog Show in Warsaw with Gienek Matysiak."
Re-Mis z Kordegardy
"HOW WAS THE INTEREST IN THE BREED ?"
"Great from the beginning. Orders for puppies were coming from all
over Poland. However some of the puppies from each litter went to the
countryside to work with sheep. Some of them returned to Kordegarda
for breeding and some stayed for good."
"DID YOU KNOW FROM THE BEGINNING WHAT A PON
SHOULD LOOK LIKE ?"
"Yes. It was simple. I wanted the PON to look like SMOK.
It was my breed standard..."
"WHAT ABOUT COLORS ?"
"This was not a concern. I initially had white, and gray/white
dogs, but Re-Mis was already black and white. In 1957 Smok and Wiga Wara
parented two puppies, tailless and compleletly black. I was sure
something was terribly wrong and I did put them to sleep. I regreted
this later seeing the different colors of newborn puppies. When the
first chocolate puppies were born I knew that all colors were possible."
"WHICH ONE OF THE FIRST LITTERS DESERVES
PARTICULAR RECOGNITION ?"
"In 1958 I got the first certified litter from DUKAT
and NIWA including the completely white,
famous ARAK GREPS. In the same year Smok
and Wiga Wara gave HARFA, mother of the
first Int.Champion AMOK MONIEK. The other
important litter in the same year came from Smok and Kuma, which
included INKLUZ and IWA.
In 1959 Smok and Wiga Wara gave LIDER,
DOMAN's father. In the same year DUKAT and NIWA
produced ASAN, father of (after KUMA) GARDA
WTORA z Kordegardy which established the "spod Zagla"
Kennel. Her brother GIERMEK was the first
chocolete PON in my kennel. Later on in the 60's from INKLUZ
and CERTA z Melna I had the chocolate DUDA
who gave WITEZ, father of GWAREK
z Psiego Raju. The kennel PSI RAJ started earlier from SZELMA
z Kordegardy (born in 1963 from INKLUZ and ERGA z Babiej Wsi).
Before she ended up in PSI RAJ she gave two litters "z Lagiewskiego
Boru" and " z Kolchidy".
One of my best dogs was LUBEK from ARAK
GREPS and IWA. In 1967, DOMAN
was born ...and after that, you remember, he was the father of your POLON."
Doman z Kordegardy
"IT IS KNOWN
THAT YOU QUITE LIBRALLY USED INBREEDING..."
"Yes. It was necessary and I have never had bad results. At the
beginning the litters were small- one, two puppies, that was all. Only
after SMOK was bred to his daughters the litters became larger.
Furthermore both dogs I used for inbreeding, SMOK and DOMAN were
tailless! Where is the lethallity of the short tail gene, that was so
much talked about !?"
"WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT PRESENT PONS ?"
"No, I am not impressed....They are too small and their heads are
too small and delicate. Fortunately the proportions have improved lately
and there are not very many long PONs, since the long PON looks
"THANK YOU FOR AN INTERVIEW AND WE WISH YOU
MANY BEAUTIFUL PONS FROM KORDEGARDA."
Interview with Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz
conducted by Miroslaw Redlicki and Tomasz Spiewankiewicz
Leba, August 18th,1990
translation by Halina and Kris Bienkowski